Information Practices and Behaviors

Discovering and explicating how people seek, use, avoid, and share information to advance knowledge, aid in decision making, solve problems, and engage in everyday life activities

Researchers Working in this Area

Related Research Projects

Rapid Prototyping of Semantic Enhancements to Biodiversity Informatics Platforms

Time frame
2014-Present
Investigator
Michael Twidale
Total funding to date
$292,306.00
Funding agency
National Science Foundation

Taxonomists are scientists who describe the world’s biodiversity. These descriptions of millions of species allow scientists to do many different kinds of research, including basic biology, environmental science, climate research, agriculture, and medicine. The problem is that describing any one species is not easy. The language used by taxonomists to describe their data is complex, and…

Repository Services for Accessible Course Content

Time frame
2015-Present
Investigator
J. Stephen Downie
Total funding to date
$7,173.00
Funding agency
Institute of Museum and Library Services

Across the country, colleges and universities are struggling to meet demand for accessible forms of course materials for students with an array of disabilities. At present, each institution is addressing this problem individually, at great expense, and often without full campus coordination, much less consortial collaboration. Locating digital files is difficult and entails numerous sources.…

Temporal Factors

Time frame
2012-2016
Total funding to date
$408,908.00
Funding agency
National Science Foundation

Time affects information retrieval in many ways. Collections of documents change as new items are indexed. The content of documents themselves may change. Users submit queries at particular moments in time. And perhaps most importantly, people’s assessment of a document’s relevance to a query is often time-dependent. For example, searchers of news archives might seek information on a past…

Text Mining the Novel: Establishing the Foundations of a New Discipline

Time frame
2014-Present
Investigators
Ted Underwood, J. Stephen Downie
Total funding to date
$142,000.00
Funding agency
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada

This HathiTrust Research Center (HTRC) project seeks to produce the first large-scale cross-cultural study of the novel according to quantitative methods. Ever since its putative rise in the eighteenth century, the novel has emerged as a central means of expressing what it means to be modern. And yet despite this cultural significance, we still lack a comprehensive study of the novel’s place…

Understanding Search Literacy and Search Skills Adoption: How People Solve Technical Problems via Search

Time frame
2015-Present
Investigator
Michael Twidale
Total funding to date
$65,000.00
Funding agency
Google

Despite the ubiquity of search in many people’s daily lives, a lack of search literacy can make it difficult to find solutions to technical problems, such as completing software-based tasks like troubleshooting program installations. iSchool Professor Michael Twidale and Assistant Professor Max Wilson of the University of Nottingham have received funding from Google for a project that aims to…

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